The Best Rugged Smartphones of 2019

I am sure most of us saw or owned a phone before the smartphone era when the devices were a lot thicker and more compact than what we got accustomed today, used mainly for calling and rarely for occasional basic gaming, but tough enough to handle a few drops to the ground.
Then came the touchscreen phones (which were still tough enough) and later the smartphones took over the world, now with larger screens, smaller width, higher specs and, as expected, a higher price tag. This made choosing the best rugged phone a lot harder, since the smartphones came with a major disadvantage: if before, dropping your phone wasn’t the cause of great stress, smartphones are not as drop resistant as their predecessors.

UPDATE 08.15.2019: The Blackview BV9700 Pro has been added to the best rugged smartphones list.

Some screens won’t survive from falls even below 3 feet and there are stories on the web that some phones screens shattered simply by being carried inside the pocket. So, for the people that don’t want to treat their cell phones like jewelry and don’t want to spend hundreds of dollars on a device that can shatter at any time, I have compiled a list of the best rugged smartphones that, although not indestructible (no phone can ever claim that), are as close as one can get to the perfect drop proof, shockproof and waterproof smartphone.

But, before that, you need to understand that the rugged smartphones are not really a homogeneous group and that, in reality, they are divided for two main audiences: the ones that work in an industrial environment or in constructions and need a fully rugged, durable and no-compromises phone (where the internal specs are not a high priority) and the ones that need a mid-to-high-end smartphone which will survive the occasional fall (even face first) and that can handle splashes or even full submerges underwater (usually, active people who regularly practice different types of outdoor sports).



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1. CAT S61 Rugged Smartphone


The Cat S61 is the successor to the relatively successful rugged smartphone CAT S60, a device which not only was suitable for construction workers and could withstand even the harshest environments, but it also did so while maintaining the elegant look of modern smartphones. It also came with a twist: the S60 featured a thermal imaging camera.

The CAT S61 isn’t a radical change from its predecessor, instead, it keeps everything that made the S60 a seriously tough smartphone and it improves some key elements: it now features a better thermal camera (one of the main points of attraction of this device), it comes with an air quality sensor and a laser measuring tool, as well as more powerful internal hardware and a better camera – this is important considering that, unlike the Panasonic Thoughpad series which focuses exclusively towards the industrial aspect, the CAT smartphones have always also catered to the consumer market (or at least, tried to).


Still, you shouldn’t really expect the level of elegance of the Samsung Galaxy S9 or iPhone XS, because this is a rugged phone after all, but the S61 still looks decently well, borrowing the shape of the CAT S60 (with that small antenna bump on the top side) and making the corners rounded, the bezels narrower and it has an aluminium frame, therefore gaining a more refined design. Furthermore, the smartphone also got larger, but kept a similar width to its predecessor: it measures 5.91 x 2.99 x 0.51 inches) and it weighs about 8.82 ounces.

The back of the phone is covered by a rubber finish which, similarly to its predecessor can’t be removed to give you access to the battery (the phone needs to be sealed to be protected from the elements) and, to access the microSD and SIM card slots, you need to remove the tray located on the left side of the device. The buttons from the edges are big, firm and easy to press (there is also Programmable key, which, when pressed, can be configured to send your location to a list of predefined contacts and, on the bottom, there’s a USB port, while on the top, there’s the audio jack, both protected by small covers). Additionally, because the edges of the smartphone are smooth and rounded, it makes it easier to hold the phone and not worry about it slipping (especially because of the rubber back panel).


The CAT S61 phone can withstand a lot of punishment. It is drop proof, so it can endure drops from 6 feet onto concrete thanks to its reinforced die cast frame and the smartphone is also MIL Spec 810G rated, which means that the CAT S61 was tested against drops, vibration, wind, rain, sand, salt fog, extreme temperature, high altitude, as well as humidity and it survived. Also, on the front, the edge slightly protrudes creating a bit of a lip around the display, so, along with the Corning Gorilla Glass 5 protection, it should ensure that the screen won’t shatter if dropped face-first. But, there is no guaranteed protection if the phone is dropped on a sharp object from a greater height.

The Cat S61 is also IP68 rated, therefore it can be submerged under water down to 10 feet for 60 minutes, making it one of the most waterproof smartphones on the market. Additionally, because it has physical buttons, it can capture photos and videos underwater, but you can’t make calls (obviously).
Besides the fact that it was a tough smartphone, the appeal of the S60 also came from the built-in thermal imaging camera and, considering that the S61 has an improved sensor, the thermal camera will capture better images (the MSX technology which allows you to capture clear HD thermal images); the temperature range is also higher (between -4 and 752 degrees F), there are now multiple modes (filters) that can be applied, it can measure the temperature of multiple spots, it can retroactively pinpoint a temperature in the image and it can even ‘see’ in environments that have lots of smoke.


Additionally, the CAT S61 offers an air quality monitor tool which can detect the humidity in the air, the temperature, as well as solvents or other type of pollutants, but it wasn’t created to replace other, more precise sensors (such as a CO detector); the other interesting feature is the laser-based measuring tool which, after some calibration, it can be a decent addition, but be aware that it still won’t be able to replace the professional tools. The natural question is if you actually need all these features. Well, we have to remind ourselves that this is a phone made by Caterpillar, so engineers, electricians or construction workers could make better use of it: for identifying insulation gaps, to discover electrical faults and so on. But, you can also use it for fun in everyday activities like discovering the freshest piece of bread, spotting wires before drilling holes into the wall or just pretend to be the alien from the Predator movie.

Since we already talked a bit about the front of the phone, know that the S61 features a 5.2-inch IPS LCD capacitive touchscreen display, with a resolution of 1080 x 1920 pixels (a necessary increase over the 720 x 1280 pixel resolution of the CAT S60), a pixel density of 424ppi and 16:9 aspect ratio (no, it didn’t jump on the wide screen bandwagon). The 1080p resolution is enough for a screen of this size and the viewing angles are solid. Also, the black levels aren’t really that deep (no way close to the AMOLEDs), but the images are way sharper than on its predecessor (the screen can also be operated with gloves and when it is wet).


On the inside, the S61 comes equipped with an octa-core Qualcomm SDM630 Snapdragon 630 chipset (2.2GHz Cortex A53 CPU) which is an improvement over the Snapdragon 617 chip; there’s also 4 GB of RAM, an Adreno 508 GPU (instead of the Adreno 405 of the S60) and 64GB of storage memory (don’t forget that you can also add up to 256GB using the microSD slot). The S61 runs on Android 8.0 Oreo and there is a planned upgrade to the Android 9.0 Pie (a firmware upgrade on a rugged smartphone? that’s new). The software is almost stock version that will definitely appease most users as it doesn’t annoy with additional useless apps (that sometimes are uninstallable).

On the rear side of the phone, there’s a 16-megapixel camera with dual-LED dual-tone flash and the FLIR thermal camera (which we already talked about). On the front, you can find an 8-megapixel secondary camera. The problem with the main camera is that even if it shoots decent photos most of the time, it just isn’t on par with other similarly priced phone cameras: it shoots noisy photos if the room isn’t bright enough and in low-light or during the night, the performance doesn’t get any better (something which, unfortunately, has become to be expected from a rugged phone).
Furthermore, the Cat S61 is equipped with a non-removable 4500mAh battery (with the Quick Charge 4.0 feature), which means that you can often get around 2 days of medium to heavy use and, to get from 0 to 100 % using the provided charger, it will take about 2 hours (it’s not bad for such a massive battery).

Verdict: The S61 is equipped a lot better than most other smartphones in this list, it has lots of features and it also looks a lot better than some industrial-focused handsets (not even close to the flagships, but still modern enough for a rugged phone). In terms of ruggedness, the S61 excels in every aspect, it is waterproof, dustproof and can handle lots of drops and, additionally, you also get the awesome thermal imaging camera, the laser measuring tool and the air quality sensor. This means that it takes the first place in our list.



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2. CAT S41 Rugged Smartphone


It’s been a little over a year since the American corporation Caterpillar Inc. released the highly popular CAT S60 and now, it seems that the manufacturer decided to refresh its product line by releasing two rugged smartphones, the Cat S41 and Cat S31. The new series does not seem to continue the legacy of the S60 and, as the name choice seems to suggest, the CAT S41 is actually the successor of the CAT S40 and not the S60 (the S31 is also the successor of the S30), something that becomes more obvious when noticing the omission of the thermal imaging camera (which was a key element of the S60) and since the manufacturer seems to favour a ‘return to basics’ approach by reinforcing the qualities of the S40 (and S30) and porting them into the more powerful CAT S41 (and S31). As you’ve guessed by now, the device that I’m going to focus on is the CAT S41, which is both the flagship handset and the better equipped device (as opposed to the CAT S31).

From the design point of view, the CAT S41 does not bring anything revolutionary to the table, the smartphone retaining a similar look to the other CAT handsets, featuring a thick rubberised case (retaining the same octagonal shape), covered by a black finish and with narrow longitudinal canals on the rear and the lateral sides which will offer a better grip.


Unlike many other rugged smartphones directed towards constructions or industrial workers, the front and the back sides of the smartphone are surprisingly clean, lacking those unnecessary screws or additional metal plates which more often have a purely aesthetic value and won’t add much in terms of protection. The front side of the CAT S41 maintains the same minimalistic tone, being covered by a glossy surface, down until it gets interrupted by the physical buttons (it still has those three handy buttons: Back, Home and Recent Apps).

Furthermore, on the top side, the CAT S41 has a 3.5mm headset jack and a microphone, while on the left side, there’s a microSD card slot along with a SIM card slot and a gold Programmable key. On the right side, you can find the usual combo of Power key and Volume controller, while on the bottom, there’s a single speaker and the USB port covered by a protective layer of plastic (it steered clear of the better type-C standard).

As can be expected from a rugged smartphones, the CAT S41 is IP68 certified, which means that it is dust-proof and you can submerge the handset underwater down to 6.5 feet for about 60 minutes (the protective layers are there for a reason, so make sure to seal them tight after you access the slots to ensure that the device will remain resistant to water and dust).
But that’s not all, because, similarly to the Panasonic Toughpad FZ-E1, the CAT S41 carries the Military Standard 810G (MIL-STD-810G), which ensures that the smartphones will survive drops onto concrete from up to 6 feet (even if the phone will fall face-first, there is a protruded outer lip all around the front side which should ensure that the screen survives unscathed), it will handle thermal shocks and salt mist spray, as well as vibration and pressure (which should make it a reliable companion in an industrial environment).


There are some additional features which add both to the ruggedness and to the commodity factor: the case has a really good grip and it doesn’t feel like it will slip out of your hand at any time (it measures 5.98 x 2.95 x 0.51 inches and it weighs 7.69 ounces) and it has implemented the wet finger/glove-on technology, which, along with the physical buttons, ensures that the phone is operable no matter the conditions.
What I didn’t notice is a fingerprint sensor (something that was also omitted with the S60) and it’s a shame since even the low-end smartphones now carry this feature (and the CAT S41 is not a cheap device by any means). Fortunately, there is NFC and you can use Android Pay.

One of the elements that did get an upgrade (and it desperately needed one) is the display, which is now 5 inches (TFT), has a resolution of 1080 x 1920 pixels (from the 720 x 1280 pixels of the S60 – unfortunately, the S31 is stuck with this lower resolution), it has a pixel density of (approximately) 441 ppi, 16:9 aspect ratio and the screen is protected by the latest Corning Gorilla Glass 5, which should provide a reliable protection against scratches (but nothing more). The display is reasonably colourful, with balanced black and white levels, but, while it is very bright, it is also quite reflective (so, in certain conditions, it may be hard to see the display).

Inside the case, the CAT S41 is equipped with a MediaTek MT6757 Helio P20 SoC (octa-core Cortex-A53 CPU clocked at 2.3GHz), a Mali-T880 MP2 GPU, 3 GB of RAM and 32 GB of internal storage (with the possibility of adding up to 256 GB using the microSD card slot). The Helio P20 is definitely better than last year’s Snapdragon chip, but a better Snapdragon SoC could have been a more impressive improvement. Nevertheless, the phone will handle multitasking well (it kept the same 3GB of RAM), apps will open immediately and the multimedia experience is satisfactory, but it will perform as a mid-ranger when it comes to gaming.


Furthermore, the CAT S41 interface is built on top of the Android 7.0 (Nougat) and the experience is pretty similar to last year’s S60: the interface is clean, it has little to no bloatware and the only apps that stand out are the App Toolbox (an app store for work-related apps), the Battery Share (an app needed to use the phone as a PowerBank) and Catphones. It is a shame that they weren’t a bit bolder and surprise us with the latest Android 8.0 Oreo and, unfortunately, CAT doesn’t have a history of updating its devices to a newer Android OS, so, I wouldn’t expect the S41 to ever receive an update to the Android 8.0 (this is something that most manufacturers of rugged smartphones are guilty of).

The cameras have also been upgraded, so there’s now a 13-megapixel rear camera with LED flash, phase detection autofocus and HDR mode and there’s an 8-megapixel front camera suitable for selfies (both of these cameras can shoot photos underwater). The rear camera does a better job than last year’s S60 camera, so the photos are more colourful and will do a decent job in good lighting, but in low light conditions, the photos will have a high amount of noise and blur. So, the cameras are still the Achilles heel for any CAT phone and their performance is not really on par with what other devices from the same price range can offer.

One of the greatest upgrades over the last generation of CAT phones is the 5000 mAh battery (non-removable Li-Ion) which allows the S41 to deliver up to 44 days of battery life if left in stand-by (made me nostalgic of the good old days of the non-smart phones) and on light to medium use you could get more than 4 days of battery life. One cool feature is the ability to charge other devices using the provided Battery share dongle (you can set a minimum battery life which, when reached, the CAT S41 will stop charging the second device) and, the S41 also features the Pump Express 2.0 fast battery charging technology (an alternative to Qualcomm’s Quick Charge).

Verdict: Once again, Caterpillar has managed to create a reliable rugged smartphone, suitable for both an industrial environment and for active people that don’t want to worry whether their smartphone will survive their outdoors adventures. By stripping away the thermal camera, the manufacturer wanted to widen up the audience for both the CAT S41 and the CAT S31 and the great battery life and the improved ruggedness will likely appeal to the large majority of people, but I feel that the uniqueness factor has been lost and, similarly to the ‘normal’ smartphones, it is of paramount importance to stand out from the crowd in any way possible.



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3. Sonim XP8 Rugged Smartphone

This year we seem to get spoiled by the manufacturers of rugged mobile phones, so, besides the new line of CAT rugged smartphones (which includes the S41 and the S61), we now get the Sonim XP8, the successor to the widely popular Sonim XP7 which was released more than 4 years ago (this gap is an interesting, not-really-consumer-friendly approach from the California-based company) and it seems that the new device has retained pretty much everything that made its predecessor great, but it has also enhanced some of its core elements to make it more suitable for 2019.

The Sonim XP8 is not aiming at the general users, but at a very specific niche audience that mainly includes the construction workers, the electricians, the people that work at chemical plants and especially it is aimed at those that are the first responders while working in hazardous and emergency-type conditions – this is enhanced by the FirstNet Ready certification (FirstNest gives the first responders access to a congestion-free broadband LTE network where the data can be quickly send a received, therefore ensuring that more lives can be saved and it ensures an overall better public safety). Furthermore, Sonim has also kept the Push-To-Talk function (the AT&T proprietary EPTT), which can prove to be a reliable tool in case of emergency or when the user needs a walkie-talkie-type of service (such as while hiking).


I couldn’t really call the Sonim XP7 an attractive phone, but it was a designed in a way to ensure that the device will be waterproof, it will survive falling on all kind of surfaces and that it can be used in dangerous environments. The Sonim XP8 follows on the same footsteps, so it’s quite similar design-wise because it kept the top protrusion for the antenna, but it has lost the octagonal shape and gained a more squarish look with soft rounded corners (the smartphone is also a bit thinner than the XP7, measuring 5.98 x 3.12 x 0.7 inches and it has also gained some weight – it now weighs 11.81 ounces).

Other elements that sets this device further apart from the regular Android or Apple handsets are the ‘analogue’ front-facing buttons (Back, Home and Recent), the aforementioned PTT button, the top Sonim XPand Connector (very useful addition which allows the user to connect various modules to the phone and expand its capabilities: the available modules include the Laser Barcode Scanner or the Channel Select module), the Sonim SecureAudio Connector (for any external speakers) and the red Alarm key (when pressed, it automatically sends the GPS location and the user should immediately be contacted by the emergency centre). Some other features that were the norm for a long time and are now turning to be something quite exotic are the removable battery and the microSD card, but Sonim is also guilty of removing the 3.5mm headphone jack (it did at least go for the USB type-C connector for charging the battery).


On the front side, Sonim decided to put a 5-inch ISP LCD display which has a 16:9 aspect ratio, 441 ppi pixel density and a resolution of 1080 x 1920 pixels. Although the display can’t compare with the flagship models (despite having a similar price tag), it is still a massive improvement over the 4-inch display of the Sonim XP7. Furthermore, for basic media consumption, the display will do just fine, but there is a noticeable red tint and the colours don’t pop out as much as on an AMOLED display. Covering the screen and protecting the entire front side (expect for the buttons), there’s the Corning Gorilla Glass 3 which will do a good job protecting against scratches and, considering that the display may be vulnerable if the users drops the phone face-first, Sonim decided to surround the screen with a raised, protective lip and the display itself seems to be puncture-resistant (as marketed by the manufacturer). Also on the front area, there are two 100 dB+ speakers (with noise cancellation) which, as expected, are very loud and surprisingly clear.

Note: You can still operate the smartphone even if you have wet fingers or gloves.
The Sonim Xp7 is able to withstand a lot of abuse and the Xp8 doesn’t lower the bar. The handset is IP68, IP69 and IP69K rated, so it can be submerged underwater up to 6.5 feet for as long as 30 minutes (and it will withstand direct water sprays); it can also survive corrosive chemicals and oils, extreme pressure and can withstand a lot of falls before taking actual damage (it’s Military 810G and Non-Incendive Class I, II & III rated). So, similarly to its predecessor, the phone is not indestructible but it is one tough piece of work!


Inside the case, the Sonim XP8 is equipped with a Qualcomm SDM630 Snapdragon 630 SoC (octa-core Cortex-A53 clocked at 2.2 GHz), 4 GB of RAM, an Adreno 508 GPU and 64 GB of storage memory (you can add up to 128 GB using the microSD card slot). As you can see, Sonim has made significant progress in the hardware performance department as well (the XP7 had 1GB of RAM, an Adreno 305 GPU and a Snapdragon 400 chip), so the phone will feel more responsive, it will allow some light gaming and the multitasking will be handled with ease. It will also allow for a decent experience with the Android 7.0 Nougat (yes, Sonim decided to no implement the latest Android Oreo and I wouldn’t put my hopes up on seeing any future updates – the rugged smartphones will usually be stuck with the Android version with which they were released and this is not necessarily a bad thing for the Sonim XP8 because a total upgrade may pose some risks in terms of stability and the targeted audience may not appreciate any radical changes).

Moving on to the cameras, we can see that the Sonim XP8 sports a 12-megapixel rear camera (uses the PDAF technology and it can film 1080p videos at 30 fps) and a 8-megapixel front camera suitable for selfies. Just like almost all other rugged smartphones, the rear camera performs decent at best in good light but under-performs in low-light, but, let’s be honest, you won’t use the Sonim XP8 as your main shooter anyway.


Now let’s have a look at the battery. The XP7 had a quite impressive 4800mAh battery that could deliver up to 48 hours of normal usage and the Sonim XP8 aims to top that with its equally impressive 4900 mAh removable battery which, similarly to its predecessor, it will take about two full days of medium to high use until you’ll need to recharge the battery (the XP8 features the Fast battery charging tech Quick Charge 4.0).
One last appealing ‘feature’ is the three year warranty. Just like the XP7, the Sonim XP8 will be replaced if it breaks, without questions asked.

Verdict: The Sonim XP8 does feel like it is indestructible and, even if it made significant improvements in both looks and performance, it still isn’t entirely suitable for the wider audience (and I’m not sure that it tries to). That being said, the Sonim XP8 is definitely one of the most rugged smartphones available in 2019 and its mid-range performance will be enough for most of its users, while it will also be a great addition to not only workers in tough environments, but for people that practice outdoor sports as well.



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4. Panasonic Toughpad FZ-E1 Rugged Smartphone


The Panasonic Toughpad FZ-E1 is part of the fully-rugged ToughPad series from Panasonic and along with it’s Android-based Toughpad FZ-X1 sibling, these are some of the most rugged devices you can find on the market right now. At 5-inch, Panasonic calls the Toughpad FZ-E1 a handheld tablet that can make phone calls (compatible with 4G LTE data) which myself and a large majority of people may find odd, since 5.5-inch phones are very common and phablets are just below the 7-inch line which is (for now) reserved for tablets.

So, the 5-inch mini-tablet which can make calls is a smartphone, right? Well, yes and no. It certainly has all the functions of a normal smartphone, but the way it is built and the additional features it has, sets it apart even from the rest of the rugged smartphones and the closest device that I could find is the Cat S60 (since it has also narrowed its niche by using a thermal imaging camera).


I held myself back for a while to include this product for more than a couple of reasons: it is unfortunately not suitable for the usual consumer, it’s specifically built for industry workers and I doubt you’d like to carry one around since it is huge. That’s right, the Toughpad FZ-E1 features a really thick case (which measures 3.4 x 6.5 x 1.2 inches), a rounded back panel to keep the device comfortably in your hand and there’s an optional strap which will go around your palm to make sure there is absolutely no way you’ll ever drop this rugged smartphone (tablet or phablet?).

The sides of the Toughpad FZ-E1 are made of a black rubberised material and there are lots of ports covered by flaps all around the device: on the top, there’s a 3.5mm headset jack covered by a protective cover, an 1D/2D barcode reader (not all models have this feature) and a Power button (if the temperature of the device is equal or less than 10.4 °F, the indicator will flash an orange and green colour and the Toughpad FZ-E1 will not turn on until the temperature rises above the aforementioned degrees).

On the right side of the device, there’s an interface cover with a lock switch, which hides a DC input jack and a microUSB port (both can be used to power up the ToughPad), while underneath it, there’s a dedicated camera button and what Panasonic calls a cradle rail. On the left side, you can find the volume controller, a side button (used along with the barcode reader, but it can also be reprogrammed) and a second cradle rail, while on the back side, the large cover can be removed to reveal a removable battery and underneath it, there is a card access cover. As a side note, the Toughpad FZ-E1 also has an internal NFC antenna.


The large part of the front side is occupied by the 5-inch TN-LCD display, which has a resolution of 1280 x 720 pixels, a pixel density of around 294ppi and up to 500cd/m2 brightness levels (which, in addition to the anti-reflective and anti-glare layers, makes the screen perfectly usable under direct sunlight). Smartphones had a tendency to go upwards towards the 5.5-inch spot, but have recently reduced the size towards the more manageable 5.1 to 5.3 displays.

The Toughpad FZ-E1 is pretty much where all the other smartphones are right now with its 5-inch display, but you can’t really expect too much from it since it was created to be functional and less about entertainment: the pixel density is a bit low, the colours aren’t really as vibrant as what other cheaper phones from the competition have to offer and the viewing angles aren’t that great, but that seems to be expected with almost all rugged devices, since the only ones to offer a great display are the ones to offer the least amount of protection. On the plus side though, the screen of the FZ-E1 is operable with gloves and it senses rain drops, therefore preventing the activation of the screen by water droplets (the process involves limiting the touchscreen multi-touch usability from 10 fingers to just one finger).

Now, since this is a rugged device, it is expected that the screen won’t shatter easily and this is true for the most part since it can be dropped from 10 feet without taking any damage (the thick border that surrounds the display plays an important part) and it will survive without problems a lot of drops (yes, even face-first ones – it’s surprisingly difficult to destroy this device). Furthermore, the Toughpad FZ-E1 is also MIL-STD-810G certified, so it can handle both high and low temperatures (the operating range is between -4 and 140 degrees Fahrenheit), explosive atmosphere, humidity, sand and dust, vibration (including loose cargo transportation), shock, freezing rain, acidic atmosphere and more.


The device is also certified ANSI 12.12.01 for hazardous environments, so it can be used where there are gas or vapour hazards, in locations with ignitable gases, vapours or liquids, as well as in environments with lots of chemical dust, hydrocarbons, fuels, solvents and carbon monoxide. As expected, the Toughpad FZ-E1 is also water resistant, being IP68 rated, so you can submerge it down to 5 feet underwater for about 30 minutes and it’s also IP65 rated, which means that it can easily handle high-pressure jet sprays. One other curious, but interesting feature is the internal heater which has the role to warm up the device in case it gets below 10.4 °F (you need to activate the function to switch the Heater to Auto from the interface).

Inside the case, the Panasonic Toughpad FZ-E1 is equipped with a quad-core Qualcomm MSM8974AB chipset clocked at 2.3GHz, an integrated Adreno 330 graphics card, 2GB of RAM and 32GB of storage memory. Both the E1 and the X1 can have their internal storage augmented up to another 64GB by using a microSD card. The Qualcomm Snapdragon 801 was one of the preferred chipsets more than a couple of years ago for the flagship smartphones (around the time the Toughpad FZ-E1 was released) and even today, it will handle resource-heavy apps and even the more recent games without problems (even if there aren’t that many apps for the Windows platform).

The ToughPad FZ-E1 uses the Windows Embedded 8.1 Handheld OS, which is perfectly suitable for line-of-business handheld devices (the smaller Panasonic ToughPad FZ-F1 comes with Windows 10 IOT Mobile Enterprise). Surely, the OS allows for a good integration with various software from tech and industry companies, but I expect an update to Windows 10 IOT Mobile Enterprise as soon as possible from Panasonic (this type of OS updates may take a longer time for industrial tech since companies don’t like to fully upgrade to different versions of the OS until it is absolutely necessary – such as end of life warnings).


Next, the FZ-E1 is equipped with an 8-megapixel rear camera (with LED flash and auto-focus) and a 1.3-megapixel front camera (relatively suitable for video conferences and nothing more). The rear camera will take reasonable photos in good lighting and especially outside in a sunny day (although there was a bit of overexposing), but indoors and during the night the photos were full of noise and blurry. Overall, these are indeed tablet-level cameras and won’t really satisfy if you want to use the phone as a main camera on holidays (not that anyone would want to do that), so the device is once again suitable for enterprise use (to scan QR codes or for photographing schematics or other type of documents).

One of the most important aspects of any smartphone or tablet (rugged or not) is the battery life and it seems that Panasonic did not held back in this chapter equipping the Toughpad FZ-E1 with a high capacity 3.8V 6200mAh battery which is both replaceable and hot swappable. Panasonic claims that the battery can take up to 14 hours of continuous data access (WiFi+continuous web-browsing), up to a full day of talk time and almost 1000 hours of standby (which is true for the most part since you could get about 9 hours if you add some gaming into the equation). Furthermore, the Toughpad FZ-E1 takes advantage of the Quick charging feature, so the battery will go from 0 to 50 % in 1 hour and 15 minutes and from 0 to 100 % in about 3 hours and a half.

Verdict: Why isn’t the Panasonic Toughpad FZ-E1 the first in the list you may ask, since it’s such a great rugged device? Well, because it doesn’t really follow the same guidelines of the usual smartphones (or tablets, for that matter) and, while it’s true that rugged cell phones, in general, are more niche devices, the Panasonic Toughpad FZ-E1 is even more narrow into the targeted audience. To be more specific, this belongs in a warehouse with industrial workers and I highly doubt I’ll ever see an active person running with this mammoth strapped to their arm. That being said, the Panasonic Toughpad FZ-E1 is pretty much the pinnacle of ruggedness, having a screen resistant to shock, the case can handle pretty much everything you throw at it, it has some awesome features (suitable for an industrial environment), but there are some minuses, since software is a bit outdated, the cameras are nothing to brag about, the device is incredibly thick (there is no chance you would put it in your pocket) and the most important negative is the incredibly high price.



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5. Kyocera DuraForce Pro 2 Rugged Smartphone

The Kyocera DuraForce Pro 2 is the latest handset from the Japanese manufacturer to join the rugged smartphones market as a successor to the DuraForce Pro in an effort to improve some key elements and make the device more suitable for the exigences of the 2019. But, despite people craving for an elegant, yet rugged smartphone, the manufacturers are still having a hard time to keep their devices slim and with the latest features, while also being resistant against drops or other mechanical shocks.

Samsung and Motorola have made some interesting advancements with their waterproof and dustproof Active and Force series, but it’s worth noting that Kyocera has also pushed its rugged smartphones towards a more modern design, so while the Kyocera Brigadier was already a better looking rugged smartphone than its competitors, the DuraForce Pro 2 got a bit closer to the more elegant non-rugged flagships. At the same time, it doesn’t differ that much from its predecessor even if it comes with a redesigned case and it still carries the signature look, has better internal hardware and the same iconic sapphire screen.


As expected, you won’t find the glass and metal combination (which is definitely attractive, but fragile) and instead, you get a mix of polycarbonate and thick rubber. The case has a curved back, soft rounded corners – it’s less curved than the DuraForce Pro 2, the lateral sides protruding towards both the bottom and the top sides. Furthermore, on the rear panel, there are four patches of texturized rubber that slide towards the screen and, on centre of the rear panel, the plastic is a lot smoother.

All around the case, you can find pretty much the same buttons and ports as on any other smartphone (yes, it has a headphone jack), with every port opening being covered by protective flaps and, unfortunately, Kyocera decided to get rid of the three front buttons for Back, Home and Recent and instead, it went with capacitive buttons – this hasn’t been the best decision because the physical buttons remained operational in every type of environment (as a bonus, there are front-facing speakers). The PTT/Programmable key has been kept from the DuraForce Pro (by default, it will activate Verizon’s push-to-talk service, if you use Verizon, but you can program it to either launch any app or to automatically send help texts and the GPS location in case you get lost or are in danger), as well as the Fingerprint Sensor on the Power key (this feature has now become a standard even on rugged phones).


Because of the curved back, the phone fits comfortably inside the palm of the hand, but the increased size over the DuraForce Pro 2 will not go unnoticed, since it now measures 5.91 x 2.89 x 0.53 inches and it’s got a bit heavier (8.57 oz). The bigger size means more screen real-estate, but bigger smarphones are usually more fragile and more prone to breaking than any other smaller handsets (until better technologies are developed, I’m not sure rugged smartphones should go over 5 inches). Another interesting aspect is that I found it hard to fit the phone in my pocket because of its thickness (so keep that in mind before purchasing).

That being said, the main attraction of any phone is the display and Kyocera has equipped the DuraForce Pro 2 with a 5-inch IPS LCD display that features 16 million colours, a resolution of 1080 x 1920 pixels and a pixel density of 441ppi (so, nothing has changed in this department). Furthermore, you get the same Sapphire Shield protection, so the display becomes virtually unscratchable and it is a bit harder to break than the traditional screens (if it falls at a odd angle, the screen will shatter into pieces instead of cracking like the usual Corning Gorilla Glass protection).
Similarly to the DuraForce Pro 2, the display is greatly improved over the dim Kyocera Brigadier, so, even for a sapphire screen, you can clearly see everything even under direct sunlight.


Still, you should not expect the vividness of AMOLEDs or the true colours of iPhones, but the DuraForce Pro 2 does a fair job on delivering a good visual experience, with images and text being crisp and clear, the colour accuracy is reasonably good and it has surprisingly good viewing angles. What I found annoying is that Kyocera left so much space unused on the front, while the display of so many other smartphones cover almost completely the front side (except for the dreaded notch).
Note: You can use the touch-screen even if you are wearing gloves or if your fingers are wet.

Similarly to Kyocera DuraForce Pro, the DuraForce Pro 2 has a Military Standard 810G certification, so the phone should withstand low pressure, temperature shock, any contamination by fluids, humidity, solar radiation, high altitude, mechanical vibration, pyroshock, icing or freezing rain and more, which makes the handset perfect for working in industrial fields (the device is also Class I Division 2 rated, so it can be used in hazardous places without causing explosions). This should ensure a serious protection from the elements and in case you accidentally drop it, know that the screen is not unbreakable (as said before), so be aware that if you drop it on a sharp object face first, it could shatter (there is a lip around the display which will definitely help a lot with keeping the screen’s integrity intact).


Furthermore, the phone is IP68 rated, which means that it is protected against dust and it is waterproof, meaning that it can be temporarily immersed under water. To be more precise, the DuraForce Pro 2 will allow you to go as deep as 6.5 feet for up to 30 minutes and, at the same time, there is the Underwater Mode for all the camera options (you can film and capture photos under water).
And that leads us to the cameras. On the rear side, the DuraForce Pro 2 features a main 13-megapixel camera, with autofocus, LED flash and HDR, and a secondary wide-angle 8-megapixel camera (an upgrade from the 2-MP of the previous model).

In good light, the camera can capture some really good photos, with accurate colours, a low amount of noise and an overall good exposure. In low light, the camera struggled a bit, capturing photos with a lot of noise and grain. The secondary wide-angle camera is definitely an interesting addition, because it can capture super wide-view 4K videos (and the upgrade to the 8-megapixel sensor is definitely noticeable). The front 5-megapixel camera (no upgrade here) is good for selfies, but again, it will do a decent job in good light, but not so much indoors and in low-light environments.

Another great feature that’s been developed for the DuraForce Pro 2 is the advanced echo and active noise cancellation using four microphones which have the role of counterbalancing the external sounds, allowing you to better make phone calls (even using the speaker option) or simply listening to music or videos.


On the inside, the DuraForce Pro 2 is equipped like a mid-range smartphone, sporting an octa-core Qualcomm Snapdragon 630 chipset (octa-core 2.2 GHz Cortex-A53 CPU), an Adreno 508 GPU, 4GB of RAM and 64GB of internal storage memory, which can be augmented by 512GB using a microSD card. This hardware is specific to a mid-range handset and the performance will be as expected: great at multitasking, but not the best with 3D games that require a lot of resources. The phone also runs on Android v8.0 Oreo, but it has some pre-installed elements from Kyocera and some more from its carrier (the DuraForce Pro does not have an unlocked version, for now) – thankfully, the 4 GB of RAM will make a difference to contain the bloatware from the carrier.

Ignoring the carrier apps, the interface is reasonably clean and Kyocera added only a few native applications, such as the Outdoor Portal, which is a good tool for checking the weather, the real-time position of the moon and the sun, the correct altitude and even the tide with a fish activity rating. There’s also the Camera Underwater Mode which basically disables the touch-screen and let’s you control the phone using only the physical buttons.


The last aspect that I would like to cover is the battery life. Just like the Duraforce Pro, the Pro 2 comes with a non-removable 3240 mAh battery which will get you through a full day of medium use (in the continuous loop video test, the battery died after almost 7 hours). The good news is that the phone comes with the UBS Type-C fast charging, so the battery will charge up to 60 % in about half an hour and there is support for the Qi wireless charging, but the charging pad is not included.

Verdict: The Kyocera DuraForce Pro 2 is definitely a better smartphone than the Kyocera Brigadier, but less of a significant upgrade over the DuraForce Pro 2 (although it does have a slightly better camera and more powerful hardware). At the same time, some improvements have been made to the overall ruggedness from its predecessor (the case it completely redesigned), but I’m not really a fan of not having the option to purchase this phone unlocked from the start and being forced to go through a carrier (which this time has added an annoying amount of bloatware). This is the main minus of the Kyocera DuraForce Pro and of course, I have already signalled all of its pluses, so if it’s not a problem for you to go through Verizon, this is a worthy smartphone for active people that like rock climbing and swimming.



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6. Blackview BV9700 Pro Rugged Smartphone


Not even a year has passed and Blackview has already released a successor to the rugged smartphone Blackview BV9600 Pro and, while I do appreciate the overall improvement over the previous generation (it’s more rugged, has a better camera and more powerful internal hardware, but it has seen a reduction in the battery capacity), it seems that the Chinese manufacturer releases way too often a new rugged handset which immediately competes with the existing flagship model. Of course, this may be a great thing for new buyers that get a larger variety of rugged smartphones to choose from, but for those that already have a previous gen Blackview phone, it does seem like there may be a problem considering the future support of older devices (and the rugged smartphones are notorious for their lack of software updates).


But, perhaps the Chinese market is simply a lot more competitive when it comes to this type of smartphones, so the manufacturer has to gain an edge over the competition, therefore it had to release the Blackview BV9700 Pro which, as expected, borrows some elements from the flagship devices of 2018, such as the larger screen, the small bezels and the notch. That being said, let’s see if Blackview managed to harmoniously combine all of these new trending elements with a rugged case which will be able to survive a rough environment, while also keeping the price at an acceptable level.

The other manufacturers of rugged handsets are a bit more conservative with adopting a new design and, instead, they prefer to maintain a sense of consistency between the new and the older models, but this has never been the case for Blackview which often pushes a completely redesigned exterior for its new smartphone. And that is also the case of the Blackview BV9700 which moves away from the simple, yet elegant exterior of the BV9600 which, finally, stripped some of the overdesigned elements from the rear panel and it brings them all back to what looks like a Transformers-inspired case. So, the Blackview BV9700 has the back panel mainly covered by an elastic rubber coating, as well as the four corners to protect the device in case it falls out of your hand, but there are also some anti-wear titanium alloy pieces on the left and right side of the smartphone, as well as on the rear panel surrounding the camera lens.


Another significant difference between the BV9700 Pro and its predecessor is the fact that the device got a bit larger and wider (it now measures 6.53 x 3.2 x 0.64 inches) and it is a bit heavy, weighing around 0.62 pounds so it is a lot harder to manoeuvre, although the rounded corners and the slightly inflated rear side will improve a bit the way the phone sits in the hand. Similarly to pretty much all other Chinese rugged smartphones, the Blackview BV9700 Pro also has various metallic parts attached to the main body which, in reality, don’t serve a higher purpose than just for the visual appeal (still, on the lateral sides, the titanium alloy does have an anti-slip feel).

Furthermore, on the right side of the BV9700 Pro, positioned on the metallic section, there’s a volume controller, a Power button and the fingerprint sensor (which is fast and responsive). On the left, there’s the a dedicated Camera switch (suitable for capturing photos while underwater – can be customized) and the dual-SIM tray. On the rear side, inside the larger metallic plate, there’s the dual-camera setup, the flash LED, the heart beat monitor and the VOC sensor which has the role of detecting the air quality and to let you know if it detects any unhealthy Volatile Organic Compounds – extremely useful if you work in an industrial environment (or simply, if you constantly work with solvents and paint).


Underneath the display, the bezels are a lot less narrower than on the BV9600 Pro (the premium feel is kind of gone, leaving space for the new more rugged look) and it also seems that Blackview has decided to keep away from adding any annoying IP68 logo (as it did a few iterations back and which served absolutely no purpose than to undermine the overall look of the rugged smartphone). I liked that Blackview has kept the USB type-C port for charging on the bottom side (now left open), but, while I appreciate the dual-SIM tray, I noticed that the manufacturer decided to still shy away from re-adding the 3.5mm headphone jack (which is now gone for a couple of generation), so the user will have to use the provided USB to jack in order to listen to music with the headphones. This, and the fact that there are no physical buttons that allow you to operate the interface are huge minuses from the convenience point of view and it really is an uninspired decision considering that this is a rugged smartphone and not some iPhone or Samsung device that tries to push some unwanted trend.

The BV9700 Pro has kept the same IP68 protection against dust and water (it can be submerged underwater down to 5 feet for up to 30 minutes), but, unlike the previous generations, it is also IP69K-rated which means that it is protected against close-range high pressure and high temperature spray downs (a requirement for many industry sectors) and it also carries the MIL-STD-810G certification (protection against vibration, high pressure, thermal shocks and more). Around the screen, the rubber edges extend a bit to form a protective lip which should ensure that the display will survive in case the user drops it face first, although such a large screen could be at risk if it would fall on sharp rocks (the Gorilla Glass 5 protection is there just for scratches and it won’t provide any additional protection).


On the front, the BV9700 Pro features a 5.84-inch FHD+ IPS capacitive touchscreen display, with 16 million colors, a resolution of 2280 x 1080 pixels, 19:9 aspect ratio, a pixel density of 432 ppi. The new aspect ratio will deliver a better gaming and movie watching experience and this is a feature that most manufacturers have adopted into their new smartphones, so Blackview is fully immersed in this new trend. That being said, the viewing angles are great, as expected from an IPS (178 degrees) and the 400 cd/cm2 maximum brightness should be enough for the screen to remain visible even under direct sunlight. Furthermore, the 432 ppi do make a difference and greatly improve the image quality of the screen.

Inside the case, the BV9700 Pro is equipped with an octa-core MediaTek MTK Helio P70 chipset (quad-core 2.0GHz ARM Cortex-A73 CPU & quad-core 2.0GHz ARM Cortex-A53 CPU), an ARM Mali-400 MP2 GPU (clocked at 600MHz), 6GB of RAM LPDDR3 (running at 1600MHz) and 128/256 GB of storage memory (the phone also allows the user to add up to 256GB using a microSD card). The performance of the chipset comes quite close to the performance of the Snapdragon 660, but the GPU will behave a bit better with resource-heavy games (and this has proven to be true in practice, since the BV9700 Pro can handle most of the newer game titles and the multitasking was smooth and without problems). Additionally, Blackview claims that it uses A.I. to boost the performance of the phone while playing games by keeping some apps disabled, but it’s just basic machine learning to prioritize the applications.
Note: The BV9700 Pro features NFC.

The Blackview BV9700 Pro’s interface is built on top of the Android 9.0 Pie OS and there aren’t that many differences when compared to its predecessor: the UI is still modified, but without much bloatware, the Toolbox is still present which includes the Compass, the Height Measurement; there’s also a gas monitor which checks the density of the CO2. I’m curious to see if Blackview will decide to update its phones over the years with the future Android versions, since most (if not all) rugged smartphones manufacturers dislike the idea of upgrading their devices (yes, even CAT and Sonim are guilty of this behavior), so there is a chance that the BV9700 Pro may be stuck with the present UI before reaching EOL (which may not be that far considering the rate at which the manufacturer releases their rugged handsets).


Besides the 19:9 aspect ratio, Blackview has added a new element that has been trending in the smartphone world: a dual-camera. So, positioned on the rear side, rests a 16-megapixel main shooter (Samsung), with an f/2.0 aperture and dual-LED flash, and next to it, there’s the secondary 8-megapixel camera which has the role of enhancing the quality of the captured photos. In general, the rear cameras were able to capture decent shots, with a good color balance and without overexposing, especially in brightly lit scenarios, but, because it lacks OIS, you need to have a steady hand indoors and in dimly lit environments, otherwise, you’ll end up with lots of noise and blur. On the front side, there’s another 16-megapixel camera which was more than suitable for selfies and for conference calls. Furthermore, Blackview has also added an optional external night vision camera with Sony STARVIS IMX291 lens which you can attach to the smartphone using the USB Type-C port – unfortunately, it is not really properly integrated within the native software and it needs a proprietary app, but it does take some spectacular night shots.

The Blackview BV9700 Pro comes with a non-removable 4,380 mAh Lithium-Polymer battery which can deliver up to 2 days of light to moderate use and will also allow a more demanding user up to 12 hours of screen-on time. The battery can be fully charged in about 2 hours and a half and, additionally, the BV9700 Pro supports wireless charging (10W).
Verdict: I was pleasantly surprised by the many interesting and modern features of the Blackview BV9700 Pro, but I am not sure if a new rugged device was necessary less than a year later. Clearly, the BV9700 Pro has made some improvements from the design point of view (although a more minimalist approach would have been the preferred choice), as well as the cameras and functionality, but it does raise some concerns about the longevity of the support for these devices.



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7. Samsung Galaxy S8 Active Rugged Smartphone


Another year, another Active version of the flagship smartphone from Samsung and this time, it’s the Galaxy S8 Active. Similarly to its predecessors, the S8 Active keeps pretty much all the internal hardware of the standard S8 (which should make it the best rugged smartphone to date, from a performance point of view) and, while the exterior has lost a bit in terms of elegance, it looks surprisingly close to the original model, especially because of the new increased display real-estate (both the S6 Active and the S7 Active failed to do so). The S8 Active won’t really survive an industrial environment, but it is the perfect device for active people, so let’s have a closer look.

If you put the Samsung Galaxy S8 and the S8 Active next to each other, you will undoubtedly notice that the latter lost the full metallic body in favour of a mix between polycarbonate (for the rear side) and a metal frame with hard rubber bumpers around it. Furthermore, the corners have lost a bit of finesse and, while the main appeal of the S8 was the bezel-less approach, the S8 Active needed these larger bezels to offer an increased level of protection.

The S8 Active has also gained a bit in size and weight (it measures 5.98 x 2.95 x 0.39 inches and weighs 7.34 oz), which is perfectly normal for a rugged cell phone and because of the case construction, you do get a lot more grip than you would with the Galaxy S8 (I also felt that it sat better in my hand).


Along the side, the S8 Active has the same buttons and ports layout as the S8: on the left, there’s the volume controller and the Bixby key (which replaces the customizable Active button from the previous generations), while on the right, you can find the Power button and on the bottom side, there’s a 3.5mm headset jack and the USB Type-C 1.0 charging port. On the rear side, besides the camera and the fingerprint sensor, the S8 Active is also equipped with a Heart rate sensor, which may prove to be useful for some people, while a simple gimmick for others.

The Galaxy S8 Active is IP68 certified, so it is protected against dust particles and it is waterproof, allowing you to submerge it underwater down to 5 feet for about 30 minutes (it’s better to use it with fresh water, since salt water is corrosive). The S8 Active is also MIL-STD-810G compliant, which means that the smartphone has been tested (and survived) 21 tests in various environmental conditions, which include extreme temperatures, shock and vibration, humidity, low or high altitude (I wasn’t able to find the exact tests that have been conducted, so far).

Taking into account the way it was designed, the S8 Active will definitely survive any drop from about five feet onto flat surfaces (such as the pavement) even at odd angles and you will, most of the time, just have to deal with some minor scuffs and nothing more. If the phone will fall face-first, there is a slight lip that will protect the display and it seems that Samsung went a somewhat similar route as Motorola Moto Z Force series and made the screen less vulnerable to damages (the screen is made of glass, but it uses a shatter-resistant plastic layer).


That being said, on the front of the device, there’s a large 5.8-inch Super AMOLED display, with 16 million colours, a resolution of 1440 x 2960 pixels, 568 ppi pixel density (which is very little below the 570 ppi of the S8) and it is protected by the latest Corning Gorilla Glass 5. Even if last year’s S7 Active had a great display, the increased screen real-estate has proven to be a huge improvement, especially while watching videos or movies with a 21:9 aspect ratio. The panel is what you would expect from a Super AMOLED, the black levels are very deep, the white levels are proper, colours are incredibly vivid, with a lot of contrast and the display has excellent viewing angles. The display will remain visible outdoors in bright sunlight, since it can reach pretty high brightness levels (the S8 can go over 1000 nits).

Inside the case, Samsung has equipped the S8 Active the same way as the standard S8: there’s the latest octa-core chipset from Qualcomm, the MSM8998 Snapdragon 835 (with the quad-core 2.35GHz Kryo CPU and quad-core 1.9 GHz Kryo CPU), an Adreno 540 GPU, 4 GB of RAM, 64 GB of internal storage and, using the dedicated slot, you can add up to 256 GB. The overall performance was very consistent and pretty much the same as the Galaxy S8: it’s not the fastest phone on the market, but the apps loaded quickly, multitasking was no challenge for the smartphone thanks to the 4GB (could have been more) and it will run any resource-heavy game you will throw at it without problems.

The S8 Active’s TouchWiz interface runs on top of the Android 7.0 (Nougat) platform (it will undoubtedly be updated to the latest Android O) and you get the same experience as with the Galaxy S8, the only difference being the Activity Zone app which gives you access to weather info, your step count, the compass, the flashlight and so on. The UI also features Bixby, which is the equivalent of Siri and Cortana (personal assistant), you can opt to use Samsung Pay (it’s MasterCard and Visa Certified) or Samsung Health and, since we’re talking about a carrier exclusive, you’ll get some bloatware from AT&T.


On the rear side, the S8 Active is equipped with a 12-megapixel camera, which has an f/1.7 aperture, 1/2.5″ sensor size, 1.4 µm pixel size, Optical Image Stabilization and LED flash (the camera can record 2160p videos at 30fps and 1080p videos at 60fps). While the Galaxy S7 had one of the best phone cameras of 2016, the S8 and the S8 Active have the best camera of 2017 and it has set a new standard for the other manufacturers. Outdoors and in good light, the pictures were well exposed, had accurate colours, good contrast levels and an excellent amount of detail (also, the autofocus was very fast). In low light, things did not change significantly, the pictures has a lot more detail than last year’s S7 and the colours remained natural and well balanced.

On the front, there’s a 8-megapixel camera, with an f/1.7 aperture and autofocus. Similarly to the rear shooter, the camera handles things really well, making it perfect for selfies and for video conferencing.

One important element of a rugged smartphone is the battery life and Samsung Galaxy S8 Active doesn’t disappoint, being equipped with a non-removable Li-Ion 4000 mAh battery (a significant upgrade over the 300 mAh of the S8, but the same as the S7 Active – I expected Samsung to be a bit bolder since this is not an inexpensive device). The battery will power the smartphone through two days of moderate use and I got about 11 hours of screen-on time with the brightness set to 70 percent. Furthermore, the S8 Active takes advantage of the fast charging technology (Quick Charge 2.0), so you’ll quickly get your smartphone up and running.

Verdict: Samsung is one of the world leader when it comes to building a high-end rugged smartphone and the Galaxy S8 Active is proof of that. It has a great display, a good battery life, it has a stellar performance and most important, it can survive an active lifestyle and the only shortcoming that I could think of is the price tag.



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8. Motorola Moto Z2 Force Rugged Smartphone


I don’t think it comes as a surprise that a Motorola (Lenovo) smartphone made its way into a best-of list of rugged handsets, especially since Motorola went into the spotlight with the Droid Turbo 2, which attracted everyone’s attention with its advertised shatterproof display. As expected, the people rejoiced at the prospect of having their phones fall face-first and not shatter and, since the Droid Turbo 2 held true to the claims, the shatterproof protection has been implemented into other future iterations, which brings us to the Motorola Moto Z2 Force, the second generation after the quite popular modular Moto Z Force. Similarly to its predecessor, this smartphone isn’t suitable for industrial, harsh environments (it won’t survive this type of extreme conditions), but, it offers what every active person dreams of: a virtually unbreakable display.

The Motorola Moto Z2 Force is a significant improvement over the mid-ranger Moto Z2 Play for people that want a far better performance and more protection thanks to the shatterproof protection. The Moto Z Force was a bit thicker than the Moto Z (which was and still is one of the thinnest smartphones on the market) and the Moto Z2 Force has kept a very similar thickness, but it has lost a bit of weight (its dimensions are 6.13 x 2.99 x 0.24 inches and the weight is 5.04 oz, as opposed to the 5.75 oz of the Moto Z Force), but, this does not have a big impact on the overall look of the phone and most users won’t even notice any difference between the two smartphones.


The Motorola Moto Z2 Force still has the same flagship-level of elegance as its predecessor, featuring a stainless steel back panel which is now smoother (it lacks the those hard horizontal lines and it has a noticeable bezel surrounding the panel), so it sits a lot more comfortable in the palm of the hand – similarly to the Moto Z Force, it accommodates the metal pins for any additional mods and the rear camera.
The case has soft rounded corners and, on the front, there’s the 5.5-inch display and a slightly oval button which has a fingerprint sensor underneath (Lenovo decided to ditch the square shape of the previous generations), but it does not act as a Home button.

No, there are no rubber edges or elevated bezels to protect the display and by looking at it, you won’t find any noticeable signs that this is a rugged device, but, here’s the deal: if you take one of its main competitors, the S7 Active and drop both phones face-first on sharp rocks, the Z2 Force has a higher probability of surviving with maybe some minor scratches on the case and nothing more. To accomplish this, Lenovo did not do some black magic or anything, but instead of using the usual glass screen with a Corning Gorilla Glass protection, it used a multilayer combination of glass and plastic to accomplish a more flexible display which will remain intact even if the phone is dropped at odd angles (as manufacturers like to say when they void your warranty).
There are some minuses though. First, this may be the only phone where you want to drop the phone face-first and not on it back, since the camera lens is covered by glass, so it is a lot more fragile and will shatter easily (a protective case should solve this problem). Secondly, it’s not fully water-proof.

Motorola (Lenovo) did say that the phone will survive splashes of water, but, I would advise against fully submerging the device underwater. Lastly, there is still no headphone jack (I have no idea why this is a thing right now, but I hope it’s a trend that doesn’t stick).
When it comes to rugged or simply tougher smartphones, manufacturers tend to pour a lot of the budget into making a proper, shock-absorbing body, so one wouldn’t need a case, but, more often than not, they fail to actually create a reliable smartphone. So, you get to pay premium prices for an average performance, a below-average camera and a disappointing display with a low resolution. That’s why it’s important to see if you actually need a fully rugged smartphone (that looks like a tank) and not just a tougher one, which is usually slimmer and can be protected by a case. Fortunately, the Moto Z2 Force has kept pretty much all the elements expected from a flagship device (unfortunately, including the price).


So, the Moto Z2 Force features a 5.5-inch AMOLED display with a resolution of 1440 x 2560 pixels, 16 million colours and a pixel density of 534 ppi. The display of the Moto Z2 Force is not really that different from the Z Force and the protective shaterproof screen still takes away a bit from the vibrancy and the brightness of the image. Even so, the display of the Z2 Force is able to produce reasonably deep black levels, vivid colours and overall, the images look decently vibrant and with punchier colours than some other displays on the market.

Inside the case, the Z2 Force is equipped with a octa-core Qualcomm MSM8998 Snapdragon 835 (quad-core 2.35 GHz Kryo and quad-core 1.9 GHz Kryo CPU) which is an improvement over the quad-core MSM8996 Snapdragon 820 chipset of the Moto Z Force; there’s also the Adreno 540 GPU, 4 or 6 GB of RAM, 64 or 128 GB of internal storage (depending on the model) and a possible addition of up to 256 GB using the dedicated card slot. As you can see, there are no compromises done from the performance point of view (something way too common with fully rugged smartphones, in order to keep the price tag as low as possible).

These specs are something normal for a flagship from the last year and, as expected, it performed wonderfully with pretty much everything I threw at it. It handles a high degree of multitasking (the 4/6GB of RAM do help a lot), any game will run without problems and overall, the hardware is properly tied to the software.


That being said, the Moto Z2 Force’s interface is built on top of the Android v7.1.1 Nougat (Sprint is rolling out the upgrade to Android v8.0 Oreo) and, as expected from a Moto phone, the user interface is pretty much close to stock, with only some minor additions (such as Moto Actions and Moto Display). This will appeal especially to the Android ‘purists’, since there is close to no bloatware.

Furthermore, similarly to other flagship handsets (the LG G6 and the Galaxy S8), the Moto Z2 Force features a dual-camera setup consisting of two 12-megapixel rear cameras (one monochrome and one RGB) with a f/2.0 aperture, dual-LED (dual tone) flash and a pixel size of 1.25 µm (and it seems to lack optical image stabilization) – the cameras can capture 2160p videos at 30fps and 1080p videos at 30/60/120fps (or 720p videos at 240fps).
During the day (especially outdoors), the rear camera is able to capture some really good photos, with close-to-real-life colours, but, you will notice some noise reduction, which will make the photos look more softer than what would the S8 or the LG G6 be able to deliver.

In low light, the Z2 Force stood its ground and was able to capture a good amount of detail, but you need to keep the camera steady for a few seconds since the shutter will need more time to process everything. On the front, there’s a 5-megapixel camera with a f/2.2 aperture and LED flash (can capture 1080p videos). Just like the rear camera, the front-facing shooter is not the best among its peers, but it definitely is above average and can capture a good amount of detail, which makes it perfect for selfies in both good light and in low-light situations.


The non-removable 3500 mAh battery of the Moto Z Force was nothing to brag about, but, for whatever reason, Lenovo decided to use a 2730 mAh battery for the Moto Z2 Force. Even so, you’ll manage to get about 5 hours of screen-on time and, if used moderately, the phone will get you through a full day. Furthermore, the Moto Z2 Force supports fast charging, so you can get from 0 to 50% in about half an hour. If this is not enough, the Moto Z2 Force has kept the convenient system of adding separate modules (they get magnetically fixed on the rear side), so you can add battery mods (such as the Moto Turbopower™ Pack) or other various mods (such as the JBL SoundBoost 2, the Moto Gamepad, the Hasselblad True Zoom or the Moto Instashare Projector).

Verdict: At first glance, the Motorola Moto Z2 Force will definitely raise some eyebrows as it doesn’t look like the usual rugged smartphone. But, it is surprisingly tough and the screen won’t shatter even if the phone will fall face-down (it can easily scratch though). Now, I would still recommend a case because the rest of the handset is not really shock resistant and the camera lens can be damaged quite easily. So, if you’re an active person which likes to practice different types of outdoors sports and want to have a reliable and powerful smartphone, the Moto Z2 Force will not disappoint. Of course, if you are a construction or industrial worker, this may not suit you, but fret not, there are better choices from Kyocera, Panasonic or CAT.



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9. LG X Venture Rugged Smartphone


LG has been struggling for the past two years to remain relevant in the over-competitive smartphone market. The modular flagship LG G5 was heavily criticized and was generally disregarded by the general public, while the LG G6 came a bit too early and was overshadowed by the Samsung Galaxy S8. To get out of this streak of bad luck, LG decided to have a try at building a budget-friendly rugged smartphone and this is a welcomed decision since there aren’t that many new durable handsets at an affordable price available.

The LG X Venture is not in the same league as the durable smartphones from Panasonic, CAT, Kyocera or Sonim (which are more suitable for industrial workers), but it was built for active people who practice outdoor sports. So, you won’t see a huge rubber body with a small display, but it’s true that put next to the Motorola Moto Z Force, the X Venture is not really the slimmest smartphone out there.

That being said, the handset does not feature a metal and glass combo, but went the rubber, plastic and metal route: the back panel is made of a textured rubber which adds a lot to the gripping factor, while the front is made of glass (with three physical buttons) and the sides are reinforced by metal. Overall, the LG X Venture seems like a combination between Samsung Galaxy S5 Active and Cat S40.


Around the glass screen, there is a narrow bezel that helps a bit with protecting the screen from shattering, but I’m surprised that LG didn’t make it more elevated (for better protection, a case could prove to be a wise investment). As with many other smartphones, rugged or not (except the Moto Z Force), it is best not to drop the phone face-first on a sharp object, because the usually used Corning Gorilla Glass protection won’t do much against heavy impacts (it’s suitable only against scratches). As I said before, the rubber back keeps the phone from slipping and its dimensions are reasonably suitable for today’s standards, although I prefer for a rugged phone not to go past 5 inches (its dimensions are 6.06 x 2.98 x 0.37 in and it weighs 5.89 ounces).

The front centre Home button is a fingerprint sensor (it seems that this type of security is being adopted even by non-expensive handsets), while the other two rubber buttons (Back and Multitasking) are quick and reactive. On the right side there’s the Power/Lock key and on the left side, you can find the QuickButton Hot key (which can be customized to open any app, but, by default, it opens the Outdoor Essentials apps – which include the barometer, compass, flashlight, LG Health or the current weather – double press the QuickButton to enable the possibility of using the display with gloves on), a volume controller and a SIM/microSD card tray (the X Venture is also equipped with a NFC antenna). The bottom of the rugged smartphone is occupied by a headphone jack and a microUSB port.

In terms of ruggedness, the LG X Venture is pretty much on the same level as the Active series from Samsung, being IP68 certified, which means that it is dustproof and will survive submersions underwater down to 5 feet for up to 30 minutes. Furthermore, it also carries the MIL-STD 810G certifications, which, as LG claims, it passed 14 tests for durability in a controlled environment (I was unable to find the exact tests that were performed, but I hope that LG makes them public, soon).


Note: The X Venture is not available unlocked (at this moment) and can only be purchased through carriers (specifically, AT&T).
One cornerstone of the X Venture is, of course, the display and LG used a 5.2 inches IPS LCD capacitive touchscreen display, with 16 million colours, a resolution of 1080 x 1920 pixels, a pixel density of 423 ppi and it is being protected by Corning Gorilla Glass 4. Even if it’s not an AMOLED, the display of the X Venture features excellent viewing angles, a good colour representation and most importantly, it is very bright. At around 450 nits, the display of the X Venture can be clearly seen during bright days, which makes it perfect for outdoor expeditions.

Inside the case, the X Venture sports a Qualcomm MSM8940 Snapdragon 435 chipset (1.4GHz octa-core Cortex-A53), an Adreno 505 GPU, 32 GB of internal storage memory and 2 GB of RAM (you can add up to 256 GB of storage memory through the microSD card slot). I found it quite unusual that LG would go for this internal hardware (which is more low-end than mid-range level), so expect some stuttering while multitasking and no, you won’t be able to smoothly play the latest graphics-intensive games, but web browsing, watching Youtube videos and other less heavy apps worked just fine (to be honest, I expected more from a phone in its price-range, but I guess this is where LG cut some corners).

Furthermore, LG X Venture interface runs on the Android 7.0 Nougat platform and it has made some significant changes from the stock version (such as the lack of an app drawer), but it is still less than what any previous LG phone came with. Some preinstalled apps from LG have proven to be incredibly useful, such as the aforementioned Outdoor Essentials, but, since we are talking about a carrier-exclusive device (an unlocked version may be underway), there is a lot of third-party bloatware from At&t (such as the DirecTV apps).


The X Venture is also equipped with a 16-megapixel rear camera with autofocus, LED flash, HDR and an aperture of f/2.2. I have to admit that I expected a good performance from the camera (since both the LG G5 and G6 were excellent shooters) and the X Venture was able to capture really good photos outdoors, in good light (the photos were sharp and had a good exposure, featuring reasonably accurate colours), but, indoors and in low light, things weren’t that great (the photos usually end up underexposed and it doesn’t capture a large amount of detail). So, in the end, the rear camera is what you would expect, considering the price tag of the device. On the front, there’s a 5-megapixel camera, with a f/2.2 aperture (can film 1080p videos) which is also quite modest performance-wise, but it is useful for occasional selfies or for conference calls.

One of the best features of the X Venture is the non-removable 4100 mAh battery which can last for up to two full days with moderate to heavy use and I noticed an average screen-on time of 8 hours. The Snapdragon 435 definitely keeps things efficient enough, but I think that a Snapdragon 625 would have made better use of the battery (and reaching over 10 hours of SoT). Fortunately, the smartphone takes advantage of the Quick Charging 2.0 and the phone charges from 0 to 100 in about 2 hours.

Verdict: When LG created the X Venture, it had in mind a budget-friendly, good-looking rugged phone that would survive outdoor activities and with a battery that could last for a long time. And it’s clear that it has reached its goals since I can’t complain about the durability or the battery life, but it has made some sacrifices in order to keep the price down (the performance is very underwhelming and the cameras could have been better). Despite that, the X Venture is a nice alternative to the more expensive Samsung Galaxy Active series and, even if not used as the main handset, it will offer some value for people that practice outdoor sports.



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10. Samsung Galaxy S6 Active Rugged Smartphone


There are rugged phones like Kyocera, Sonim or CAT and then there are rugged phones like the Samsung Galaxy S6 Active. The Samsung isn’t made for extreme conditions, as it won’t survive if used by construction workers, but if you are an active person, like to bike, climb, jog or any other type of sport, the S6 Active will provide a lot more protection than the S6 or S6 Edge.
Samsung claims that the S6 Active is IP68 rated, being resistant to extreme temperatures, pressure or humidity and it meets the US Department of Defence Military Standard 810G for water resistance (you can submerge the phone 5 feet underwater for 30 minutes).

If you know about the Samsung Galaxy S6, the new Active S6’s design is quite different. Say goodbye to metal and glass and welcome to plastic. Yes, the Samsung Galaxy S6 Active is made of solid plastic, with angled, reinforced corners and is thicker overall than the S6 (which is expected from a rugged phone), measuring 2.9×0.3×5.8 inches and weighing 5.3 ounces.
Just like the S5 Active, the S6 Active has 3 textured buttons under the display and it doesn’t feature a microSD slot or a removable battery.
We know about the gorgeous display of S6, but what about S6 Active?


It features the same 5.1 inches Quad HD Super AMOLED display, with 2560X1440 resolution and 577ppi pixel density. The display is one of the best you can find on a rugged smartphone, with true colours, great colour gamut and great contrast. For more information on the display have a look at the original review for Samsung Galaxy S6.
The same can be said for performance. The Galaxy S6 Active features a 2.1GHz and a 1.5GHz quad-core Exynos 7420 processor backed by 3GB RAM, a ARM Mali-T760 GPU and 32GB internal storage. This translates in one of the fastest smartphones of the moment, engaging games and multitasking without breaking a sweat.

The S6 Active also has a 16-megapixel rear camera and a 5-megapixel front-facing camera. Just like the S6 and S6 Edge, the camera takes great photos, comparable to what you can take with a DSLR and is still one of the best cameras you can find on a smartphone.
Although the S6 Active runs the familiar Android Lollipop with TouchWiz, there are some additions from the S6: The Activity Zone, which is specially made to act as a fitness application.

Note: One annoying thing about the Galaxy S6 Active is that it is only available from AT&T right now.
The S6 Active features a non-removable 3500mAh battery (the S6 has a 2800mAh battery) that will get you through a day and a half with normal use.

Verdict: The Samsung Galaxy S6 Active is as great as the S6 in terms of specs and it manages to deliver a reasonably rugged phone experience, while retaining the high-quality a flagship phone should have. But putting it alongside the likes of CAT, Sonim or Kyocera just doesn’t seem right. The S6 Active is a great, durable android phone phone, best fitted for active persons and nothing more.

21 thoughts on “The Best Rugged Smartphones of 2019”

  1. Hello Mark,

    A couple questions.

    1. Have you considered the Doogoo S60 and the AGM X2?

    2. Have you seen the link below on the Moto Shattershield? If it cracks you have to pay to have the screen replaced.

    3. Have you looked the duration over which the different phone manufacturers provide security updates? It is not any good have a rugged phone exterior and weak/insecure software. A rugged phone should be characterised by a rugged exterior and strong rugged secure software platform. Samsung for example only provides updates for 2 years after the phone is announced, even though you may still purchase the phone 2 years later. Apple and Google problem provide the best security updates for their own phones.

  2. I am currently on my second cat S60 and an not real impressed the first one the speaker quit within a month and while dealing with the return I was trying out the underwater mode and the phone literally filled up with water to the point when i opened the cover for the USB port water ran out of it. Note the second one the side of the case is loose, it feel out of my pocket as I jumped over a puddle running to the car in the rain and needless to say it got wet inside.
    Another down side is it only works on AT&T/T-Mobile networks which where I live is not very reliable
    That being said I have used the infra red camera several times at work to find problems in a refrigeration system and bad electrical connections that didn’t show up on conventional meters.

  3. As a Samsung XCover 1 and 2 user I was very happy. I had put them through hell in the mountains and on exercise and they always delivered. A 2hr surf trip saw it reach its limits. I am now on my Activ’ rant. S5 Active. Destroyed a screen with a clumsy 1m drop (yes it had a protector). 2nd one from the same shop did 1 mountain trip before lens cover was damaged (it sticks out, so bad design) and so onto s6. Same issues…. lens cover on rear camera ans screen glass not upto much. The Activ have great features but really THEY ARE NOT RUGGED PHONES for the person spending time in the outdoors. My XCovers were superior, except for photos. sO PLEASE HELP. I am not a saturday sunny outdoor to the pub guy, am not an industrial oil worker but want a serious outdoor phone that will withstand serious adventure and take nice pics. Please help.

    • If you want a reasonably rugged smartphone that actually looks like a smartphone, there aren’t many options on the market, unfortunately. I see that the Samsung Active series is off the table and, while Motorola Z Force has a tough screen, the camera lens is very fragile (a rugged case may do the trick). You could also have a look at the newly released LG X Venture, but it seems to be a copy of the Galaxy S5 Active (could be better or worse, as I have not yet had the chance of testing it).

      • IMHO since the Samsung s4 nothing has really changed with smart phones, yeah sure you get a better camera but so what? i’m only going to be taking pictures of my cat for the internet with it 😀 haha

    • as a self employed welder/fabricator i have put phones to the test. i went thru 15(yes) of my first phones , i cant even remember the name. NOW i have a kyocera Duraforce Pro. it is almost a year old and still going strong. broke two screenprotectors and the original is still working. and the speakers are working fine. the superfine steel magnetic particles get in to the speakers and make them scratchy until going off completely

      • i didnt finish. anyway the camera(s) yes two of them . are really good, not perfect but really good. but if you want a tough phone, i really like the kyocera Duraforce Pro. in the welding, grinding, sometimes wet environment, it has stood up strong. only two screen protector breaks, original is fine. and the battery last more than one day , even with a camera monitor running in the background . if logged out of the camera system, will last two days, one night

  4. My husband had the Kyocera Brigade and 2-3 months in he dropped it, ironically off the back a military vechile and the screen shattered..
    the whole phone started going crazy wouldn’t turn on, wouldn’t stay on if it finally would turn on…

  5. Kyocera has been a bit of a disappointment really. I’ve had both versions, the Brigadier is the newest. Overheating is a big problem. The Brigadier will overheat quite easily. If a phone is going to say “harsh” environment, then it should work in the heat. Swimming in cool waters a couple of feet in depth is not harsh. Neither is shaking when enjoying a bike ride down hill or something similar. “Harsh” means an environment where its going to be hot or extremely cold, or sandy, or suffer through the jarring of a parachute landing. I mean, what does “harsh” mean to you? Kyocera cant stand the heat. Bottom line.

    • Kyocera claims that the Brigadier is T4-rated, therefore: “No point inside the phone will get hotter than 135°C, as long
      as the phone is kept within operating range of -30°C to 60°C”, as quoted from their website (in Fahrenheit, it’s between -4 to 140 degrees). It seems that this is their definition of extreme temperature. Did your phone overheat from the beginning or after a software update? And, did it happen only after exposed to high temperatures? Lastly, have you changed it for something better suited in extreme temperatures?

      • The phone had a software update right out of the box. I can tell yiu the phone was no hotter than 90 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit. It kept wanting to shut down. Its useless in the heat. Manufacturers will send equipment to us all the time for free because they want us to put them through the harsh environments we operate in. I wish cell phones would be one of those things. I can tell you this, kyocera is a fail in high heat environments.

  6. according to the recent Facebook Post 17% OFF on AGM X1 for 7 days . for the price it is very a good deal. it is one of the top rugged smartphone with stunning look, perfect combination of hardware and software.

  7. The Galaxy S7 Active should not be on this list. I know, because I was unfortunate enough to buy one thinking it was a rugged phone. It is not. Screen cracked within 3 three weeks, with a glass protector on it, with very gentle handling. Not even doing anything “active” or different from any other phone I have had which lasted years. Lots of people petitioning for a class action to replace this. This is a common occurrence along with the camera lens shattering. Over $400 to replace screen (non-insured plan). The screen itself has a plastic coating which will scratch very easily and is non-replaceable.

    • During the time I had a look at the Galaxy S7 Active, it did not strike me as fragile and the screen did not shatter but, since many more people have said the same thing as you did (broken camera lens and fragile display), it seems that I may have been among the lucky ones. So, since the phone is not up to the standards of the other rugged smartphones on this list, I have moved it to Honorable Mentions (and will remove it completely if Samsung doesn’t recognize it as a manufacturing defect).

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